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J FAS Int 2004;2:e6 - February 2004 -
Hypothetical Framework: FASD and Criminality - Causation or Association? The Limits of Evidence-based Knowledge


Delinquency and criminality are common characteristics of FASD. It is widely believed that the pervasive neurobehavioral anomalies in FASD are the cause of criminality. These include impulsivity, lack of understanding of social cues and other dysfunction.

We suggest an alternative hypothesis: There is strong association between excessive alcohol intake and criminality. There is also strong heritability for both. It is equally possible that criminality among youngsters with FASD is mostly due to genetic causes.

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